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Jean Baptiste DuSable (1745-1848) « The founder of Chicago »

 

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Jean Baptiste DuSable (1745-1848) « The founder of Chicago ».
Chicago, Illinois, is the third largest city in the United States. But few people know it was founded by a black man, Jean DuSable. Jean was born in Haïti, the world’s oldest black republic, he moved to St Louis when he became a fur trader. When the British took over St Louis, Jean moved to Peoria, Illinois where Native Americans helped him etablish a succesful trading business. Jean made many trips to Canada to bring back furs. He always passed a place called Eschikagov that he used as a lockout point. In 1774, he built a cabin there for his family. Other pionners built stores and homes near this post. The settlement grew into a city that became Chicago. Many years passed before Jean was credited with the founding of Chicago. In 1968, he was finally recognized as the man who founded one of the great cities of the world.

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Anténor Firmin

Joseph-Anténor Firmin (1850-1911) was a Haitian scholar, diplomat and journalist. Firmin wrote ‘On the Equality of Human Races’ in response to a book by de Gobineau « The inequality of human races », which asserted the inferiority of black people and the superiority of the Aryan ‘race’. The publication of Antenor Firmin’s book in 1885 was a pioneering text in anthropology and it is perhaps the first major work of anthropology written by a person of African descent. Although Firmin’s tome was lost to Francophone anthropology, it was recognized not only in Haiti but also among Pan-Africanist scholars as an early work of négritude. Anténor Firmin also had a seminal impact on Jean Price-Mars, the 20th century founder of Haitian ethnology, and these ties extend further to the American founder of African and Afro-American anthropology, Melville Herskovits.e8622439e4cce022637ff8dfffb3bd85