Anténor Firmin (1850-1911) was born in Haïti. In 1885, he published a book on « the equality of human races, positive anthropology » where he tackled the pseudo-scientific theorists of racism. A true precursor, unparalleled genius, enlightened thinker, champion of the defense of Black people, Anténor Firmin has greatly contributed to the birth of awakenings of conscience. In advance of his time, he knew how to refute western racism through scientific and rigorous argumentation. He also highlighted the essential role of African cultures in the history of civilization, from the Egyptians to the first Black Republic of Haiti.
Catherine Flon played a huge role in the Haitian Revolution as a nurse. She is widely recognized in all Haiti as a heroine for sewing the first Haitian Flag in Archaie and a national symbol of freedom.
On May 1803, Dessalines created the first Haitian Flag by ripping apart the French one (blue,white and red), threw the white portion away, and have Catherine Flon stitched together the remaining parts horizontally to create the first version of the Haitian Flag. Catherine Flon is celebrated in Haiti on May 18, which is also the Haitian Flag’s Day. Her picture is featured on a 10 Gourdes Haitian Banknote issued in 2000.