Archives du mot-clé African American

Daniel Hale Williams (1856-1931)

Daniel Hale Williams (1856-1931)
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams was an African American physician who made history by performing the first successful open heart surgery operation ever performed, on July 9, 1893 before such surgeries were established. On July 9, 1893, a man lay on an operating table with a knife wound near his heart. He would die unless the internal bleeding stopped. The only doctor capable of closing the wound was Daniel Hale Williams. Williams was born in Holidayburg. His father died when he was 11, and his mother abandoned him soon after. He wound up living with a family in Wisconsin. There he was encouraged to pursue a career in classical music. However, Williams was more interested in healing bodies than playing the violin. When he was 21, Williams was taken under the wing of a Wisconsin physician and apprenticed with him for two years. After that, he was accepted at Chicago Medical School (now Northwestern University). At the age of 27, he received his medical degree. As a black doctor, Williams was barred from practicing medicine in hospitals. So he started his own practice in Chicago. He soon gained a reputation as a fine surgeon. In 1891, Williams was asked to work at Provident Hospital, Chicago’s first black-owned and operated hospital. It was here that the stabbed man was brought. When Williams opened the man’s chest, he saw his beating heart. He also saw that a small artery and the pericardium were cut. Williams used sutures from the guts of silkworms to close the tissues and stop the bleeding. The man recovered. Williams lectured on his procedure, and heart surgeries soon became a frequent practice world-wide. He became the only black charter member of the American College of Surgeons.
In 1913, he was the only African American member of the American College of Surgeons.

10 things to know about Michael Jackson


1-Michael Jackson Is The Most-Awarded Artist Of All Time: With 23 Guinness World Records, 40 Billboard Awards, 13 Grammys, and 26 American Music Awards, Michael Jackson has won more awards than any other musical artist. Jackson has also received congressional honors for his humanitarian outreach efforts.

2- Between February 11 and February 18, 1992 – and on occasion of Black History Month – the artist tours 30,000 miles of the African continent in 11 days (covering Gabon, The Ivory Coast, Tanzania, Kenya and Libreville), where he visits medical centers, schools, churches, children’s housings and educational NGO’s for disabled children.

3- Michael was treated liked royalty when he embarked on a goodwill tour of Africa in February 1992, part of the highlight came during a visit to Ivory Coast, when he was crowned King of Sani in a special ceremony organized by local tribesmen.

4-Remember the Time was released where he displays Black People of Kings and Queens in Egypt.Michael was fascinated by the Ancient Egyptians and Tutankhamen, one of his online email addresses was even KingTut777

5- He had a skin disease known as vitligo. As his condition worsened, he chose a process known as depigmentation to lighten the dark spots with a bleaching cream. He also used make up to even out the discoloration.  Michael loved his race and history.

6-“It was Michael Jackson, the man, who  allowed his spacious family mansion in Encino, Calif., to be used by the South African Council of Churches to hold an art auction. He eagerly supported the anti-apartheid fund raiser because he is an avowed opponent of South Africa’s White supremacy government” (Ebony June 1988)

8-Michael sponsored the education of 10,000 kids through the HEAL THE WORLD FOUNDATION. Michael Jackson started the Dangerous World Tour on June 27, 1992 and completed it on November 11, 1993, after entertaining 35 million people at 67 concerts. All of the profits from the concerts were donated to the Heal the World Foundation. From 1985 to 1990, Michael Jackson donated $500,000 to the United Negro College Fund.Michael was one of the United Negro college Fund’s most significant donors. He put many African Americans students through college.

9- He had these and other books on black history in his personal library:

– Malcolm X, by Alex Haley
– The Negro Caravan, by Sterling A. Brown
– Black Heroes of The 20th Century, by Jessie Carney Smith
– Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America, by James Allen
– Black in America, by Eli Reed
– King: A Photobiography of Martin Luther King Jnr, by Charles Johnson, Bob Adelman

– In Praise of Black Women, Volume 1: Ancient African Queens, by
– Simone Schwarz-Bart
– The Face of Our Past: Images of Black Women from Colonial America to the Present, by Kathleen Thompson and  Hilary MacAustin
-Before the Mayflower, by Lerone Bennet Jr

10. The Caribbean nation of St Vincent and the Grenadines was the first nation in the world to feature the king of pop in a series of postage stamps. The set, which has long been of interest to collectors and is quite rare, especially as a complete set, was printed in 1985.


Some of the black charities Michael contributed to:

  • Minority Aids Project
  • Motown Museum
  • Transafrica
  • United Negro College Fund (UNCF)
  • United Negro College Fund Ladder’s of Hope
  • YMCA – 28th Street/Crenshaw
  • Congressional Black Caucus (CBC)
  • Big Brothers of Greater Los Angeles
  • Brotherhood Crusade
  • AIDS Project L.A
  • Dakar Foundation
  • National Rainbow Coalition
  • National Solidarity Fund
  • The Sickle Cell Research Foundation
  • The Carter Center’s Atlanta Project
  • Million Man March


Quotes by Michael Jackson about Africa

“When we came off the plane in [Dakar, Senegal] Africa,” he recalls, “we were greeted by a long line of African dancers. Their drums and sounds filled the air with rhythm. I was going crazy, I was screaming, “All right! They got the rhythm… This is it. This is where I come from. The origin.”‘

“In my heart, in my deepest of heart, I love Africa, and I love the people of Africa…I’ve spent more of my vacations in Africa than any other continent….they never show how beautiful the place is…and I want to heighten the awareness with what I’m doing…the world is jealous of Africa for many centuries ‘cause the natural resources are phenomenal, it really is and it is the dawn of civilization…” Michael Jackson

Rest forever in peace Mike