Archives du mot-clé africa
Arab slave trade in Africa (1888)
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr (1887-1940)
Happy birthday Marcus Garvey!
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr (1887-1940) The angel of black success
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. was born in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica on August 17, 1887. In 1910, he began traveling throughout Central America, the Caribbean and Europe. In his travels, he saw that Black people of the time owned nothing, regardless of where he went in the world, and were not united. He was determined to do something about it. Founded in 1914, the UNIA grew in just five years to include to include over six million followers. He built newspapers, schools, churches, a shipping company, printing operations, food and clothing stores. The purpose of the organization was « to unite all people of African ancestry of the world to one great body to establish a country and absolute government of their own ».
Garvey moved to Harlem in 1916. He started speaking on street corners at night and lecturing at various halls and churches, spreading his powerful message of unity, social freedom, political freedom and economic freedom for Black people. Garvey had an amazing ability to communicate his ideas in a way that Black people could « feel » and relate to. In May of 1916, Garvey began a historic 38-state tour and took the United States by storm.
In May of 1917, Garvey started the New York Division of the U.N.I.A. with 13 members. By 1926, the membership of the U.N.I.A. had grown to over 6 million members. Marcus Garvey built the largest Black organization in history. Marcus Garvey’s built huge businesses, encouraged entrepreneurship, and got millions of people buying from Black-owned business. He taught us all to be proud of our race and to unite as a people. In his own words, he taught us all to « Be Black, Buy Black, Think Black, and all else will take care of itself! ». In 1919, he launched the Black Star Shipping Lines. His program was one of Black self-determination and independence and set the theme for all Black development today. Convinced that blacks should have a permanent homeland in Africa, Garvey sought to develop Liberia. The Liberia program, launched in 1920, was intended to build colleges, universities, industrial plants, and railroads as part of an industrial base from which to operate. However, it was abandoned in the mid-1920s after much opposition from European powers with interests in Liberia. In 1928, Garvey travelled to Geneva to present the Petition of the Negro Race. This petition outlined the worldwide abuse of Africans to the League of Nations. In September 1929, he founded the People’s Political Party (PPP), Jamaica’s first modern political party, which focused on workers’ rights, education, and aid to the poor. Also in 1929, Garvey was elected councilor for the Allman Town Division of the Kingston and St. On 10 June 1940, Garvey died after two strokes. The impact of Marcus Garvey has been huge. Schools, colleges, highways, and buildings in Africa, Europe, the Caribbean, and the United States have been named in his honor. The UNIA red, black, and green flag has been adopted as the Black Liberation Flag. Since 1980, Garvey’s bust has been housed in the Organization of American States’ Hall of Heroes in Washington, D.C. Malcolm X’s parents, Earl and Louise Little, met at a UNIA convention in Montreal. Earl was the president of the UNIA division in Omaha, Nebraska and sold the Negro World newspaper, for which Louise covered UNIA activities. Kwame Nkrumah named the national shipping line of Ghana the Black Star Line in honor of Garvey and the UNIA. Nkrumah also named the national soccer team the Black Stars as well. The black star at the center of Ghana’s flag is also inspired by the Black Star. During a trip to Jamaica, Martin Luther King and his wife Coretta Scott King visited the shrine of Marcus Garvey on 20 June 1965 and laid a wreath. In a speech he told the audience that Garvey « was the first man of color to lead and develop a mass movement. He was the first man on a mass scale and level to give millions of Negroes a sense of dignity and destiny. And make the Negro feel he was somebody. »
Dr. King was a posthumous recipient of the first Marcus Garvey Prize for Human Rights on 10 December 1968 issued by the Jamaican Government and presented to King’s widow. In 2002, scholar Molefi Kete Asante listed Marcus Garvey on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans. In 1969, the parliament of Jamaica proclaimed Marcus Garvey as the country’s first national hero.
Philip Emeagwali (1954-)
Philip Emeagwali was born in Akure, Nigeria on August 23, 1954. He is ranked the greatest African scientist of all time and the 35th greatest African of all time. He won the prestigious Gordon Bell Prize for inventing the machine to compute a world record 3.1 billion calculations per second using 65,536 processors to simulate oil reservoirs. On account of being extremely fast, accurate, and being capable of analyzing huge data analyses, his computers are being extensively used for weather forecasting and predicting the effects of global warming and the impacts of other serious environmental issues. As a result of his intellect and hard work, the child of a poor family raised himself to a position which brought him fame and wealth to the extent of his being known as the “Bill Gates of Africa.”
“A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.”
« The day will come when history will speak… Africa will write its own history…
it will be a history of glory and dignity. » – Patrice Lumumba
» Freedom by any means necessary ». Malcolm X
« While revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill ideas” – Thomas Sankara
“I am not African because I was born in Africa but because Africa was born in me.”
« Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. » Nelson Mandela
“Emancipate yourselves from mental slavery.
None but ourselves can free our minds.”
« I believe it is very important to teach our people more about our history.
We can never be free until we know about ourselves. »
“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where
they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”
Martin Luther King Jr.
10 things to know about Michael Jackson
1-Michael Jackson Is The Most-Awarded Artist Of All Time: With 23 Guinness World Records, 40 Billboard Awards, 13 Grammys, and 26 American Music Awards, Michael Jackson has won more awards than any other musical artist. Jackson has also received congressional honors for his humanitarian outreach efforts.
2- Between February 11 and February 18, 1992 – and on occasion of Black History Month – the artist tours 30,000 miles of the African continent in 11 days (covering Gabon, The Ivory Coast, Tanzania, Kenya and Libreville), where he visits medical centers, schools, churches, children’s housings and educational NGO’s for disabled children.
3- Michael was treated liked royalty when he embarked on a goodwill tour of Africa in February 1992, part of the highlight came during a visit to Ivory Coast, when he was crowned King of Sani in a special ceremony organized by local tribesmen.
4-Remember the Time was released where he displays Black People of Kings and Queens in Egypt.Michael was fascinated by the Ancient Egyptians and Tutankhamen, one of his online email addresses was even KingTut777
5- He had a skin disease known as vitligo. As his condition worsened, he chose a process known as depigmentation to lighten the dark spots with a bleaching cream. He also used make up to even out the discoloration. Michael loved his race and history.
6-“It was Michael Jackson, the man, who allowed his spacious family mansion in Encino, Calif., to be used by the South African Council of Churches to hold an art auction. He eagerly supported the anti-apartheid fund raiser because he is an avowed opponent of South Africa’s White supremacy government” (Ebony June 1988)
8-Michael sponsored the education of 10,000 kids through the HEAL THE WORLD FOUNDATION. Michael Jackson started the Dangerous World Tour on June 27, 1992 and completed it on November 11, 1993, after entertaining 35 million people at 67 concerts. All of the profits from the concerts were donated to the Heal the World Foundation. From 1985 to 1990, Michael Jackson donated $500,000 to the United Negro College Fund.Michael was one of the United Negro college Fund’s most significant donors. He put many African Americans students through college.
9- He had these and other books on black history in his personal library:
– Malcolm X, by Alex Haley
– The Negro Caravan, by Sterling A. Brown
– Black Heroes of The 20th Century, by Jessie Carney Smith
– Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America, by James Allen
– Black in America, by Eli Reed
– King: A Photobiography of Martin Luther King Jnr, by Charles Johnson, Bob Adelman
– In Praise of Black Women, Volume 1: Ancient African Queens, by
– Simone Schwarz-Bart
– The Face of Our Past: Images of Black Women from Colonial America to the Present, by Kathleen Thompson and Hilary MacAustin
-Before the Mayflower, by Lerone Bennet Jr
10. The Caribbean nation of St Vincent and the Grenadines was the first nation in the world to feature the king of pop in a series of postage stamps. The set, which has long been of interest to collectors and is quite rare, especially as a complete set, was printed in 1985.
Some of the black charities Michael contributed to:
- Minority Aids Project
- Motown Museum
- United Negro College Fund (UNCF)
- United Negro College Fund Ladder’s of Hope
- YMCA – 28th Street/Crenshaw
- Congressional Black Caucus (CBC)
- Big Brothers of Greater Los Angeles
- Brotherhood Crusade
- AIDS Project L.A
- Dakar Foundation
- National Rainbow Coalition
- National Solidarity Fund
- The Sickle Cell Research Foundation
- The Carter Center’s Atlanta Project
- Million Man March
Quotes by Michael Jackson about Africa
“When we came off the plane in [Dakar, Senegal] Africa,” he recalls, “we were greeted by a long line of African dancers. Their drums and sounds filled the air with rhythm. I was going crazy, I was screaming, “All right! They got the rhythm… This is it. This is where I come from. The origin.”‘
“In my heart, in my deepest of heart, I love Africa, and I love the people of Africa…I’ve spent more of my vacations in Africa than any other continent….they never show how beautiful the place is…and I want to heighten the awareness with what I’m doing…the world is jealous of Africa for many centuries ‘cause the natural resources are phenomenal, it really is and it is the dawn of civilization…” Michael Jackson
Rest forever in peace Mike