Archives pour la catégorie Black resistance

Sojourner Truth (1797-1883)

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Sojourner Truth (1797-1883) was born a slave and was named Isabella Baumfree. New York, the state where she lives outlawed slavery in 1827 but Soujourner’s master didn’t care. He would not free her, so she ran away. When she was 46 years old, she decided to start her own campaign against slavery. She could not stand to see her people suffer any longer so she changed her name to Soujourner Truth. She chose that name because she planned to travel from place to place to tell the truth about slavery. Sojourner carried her anti-slavery message throughout th North, she spoke to anyone who would listen and to those who wouldn’t. Soujourner was often beaten for speaking out against slavery but this brave woman could not be stopped. She had a mission. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation that outlawed slavery, but the southern states did not recognize the law until they were defeated. After the civil war, Sojourner fought for black equality and women’s rights and she dedicated her life to opening the doors of freedom for all people.

 

The slave revolt of 1811

 

One of the most suppressed and hidden stories of African and African American history is the story of the 1811 Slave Revolt. Over 500 Africans, from 50 different nations with 50 different languages, would wage a fight against U.S. troops and the territorial militias. The revolt was put down by Jan. 11. The leaders were captured, placed on trial and later executed. Their heads were cut off and placed on spikes that stretched over 60 miles

 

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Williams Parker (1821-1891)

Unsung Hero : William Parker
William Parker (1821 – 1891) was a former slave who escaped to Pennsylvania, where he became an abolitionist and anti-slavery activist. He was notable as a principal figure in the Christiana riot in 1851, also known as the Christiana Resistance. Inspired by the speeches of William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass, Parker encouraged members from the community to form a mutual protection society. Slave catchers would often come into the area seeking escaped slaves to return to their slaveholders. Parker and other members of the mutual protection society were well known for using whatever force necessary to prevent the recapture of blacks in the area. The christiana riot occurred on September 11, 1851 when a slaveholder from Maryland, Edward Gorsuch, came bearing a warrant to recover his slaves. Gorsuch had information that his slaves were at Parker’s farmhouse. Parker had received intelligence that Gorsuch, a federal marshal and others were on their way to his farmhouse. So when Gorsuch arrived, Parker and his cohorts were prepared. Eliza, Parker’s wife, sounded a horn alerting neighbors that slave catchers were out and that help was needed. Both sides were resolute in their determination to prevail, Parker convinced of the immorality of slavery and Gorsuch confident in the law and his right to own slaves. There are conflicting stories of why and how the shooting started but in the end Gorsuch was dead and his son severely wounded. Following the incident Parker and his family fled to Canada via the Underground Railroad where he continued his activism against slavery. He turned his attention to acquiring new skills in the fight to gain freedom and improve the race. Not able to read or write, he attended school in Buxton to become literate. Shortly thereafter he became the Kent County correspondent for the North Star, Frederick Douglass’ newspaper published in Rochester, New York. It promoted freedom, and the intellectual and moral improvement of blacks.

 

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Ogu Ndem

In November, 1929, thousands of Igbo women from the Bende District of Nigeria, the nearby Umuahia, Ngwa, and other places in southern Nigeria traveled to Oloko to protest against the Warrant Chiefs, who they accused of restricting the role of women in the government; this incident become known as the Igbo Women’s War of 1929 (or « Ogu Ndem, » Women’s War, in Igbo). It was organized and led by rural women of Owerri and Calabar Provinces. During the events, many Warrant Chiefs were forced to resign and sixteen Native Courts were attacked, most of which were destroyed or burned down. They used the traditional Igbo women protest known as ‘sitting on a man’. This involves following an abusive man around while dancing & ridiculing him. It also involves knocking at the man’s hut, covering it with mud or destroying it. The actions of these women inspired women across Owerri & Calabar provinces to protest against oppressive policies. A total of 25,000 women took part, they destroyed native courts including the colonial administrative base at Ikot Abasi which was burnt down. They also forced oppressive warrant Chiefs to resign, freed prisoners and attacked British business interests in the region. The British opened fire at the women, killing about 55 women & injuring another 50. In the end, corrupt warrant Chiefs were replaced by women. The policy of unfair taxation without representation was revised. This event also inspired other protests in southeastern Nigeria until the 1950s.

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Dandara, Afro-brazilian woman

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Dandara was an Afro-Brazilian Woman, Warrior who lived in the 1600s. She was co-founder of Palmares, a run-away slave community (quilombo) that thrived for almost a century. Bravely she fought alongside Zumbi and others defending the freedom of her people and her community. Palmares was eventually overthrown by Dutch and Portuguese colonizers, but rather than return to slavery, Dandara took her own life as an act of resistance.